In 2020, mobile applications have become more popular due to recent Social Distancing situations. To cater to this need, Flutter distinguished among many programming tools available to developers lately.
What is Flutter?
Flutter is an open-source mobile UI framework created by Google and released in May 2017. In brief, it allows programmers to create a native mobile application with only one single codebase. A developer can use only one programming language and one codebase to create apps for iOS and Android.
Flutter consists of two important parts:
- An SDK (Software Development Kit)
- A Framework (UI Library based on widgets)
To develop with Flutter, you will use a programming language called Dart created by Google in October 2011 and has improved a lot over the years.
“Flutter is Google’s UI toolkit for building beautiful, natively compiled applications for mobile, web, and desktop from a single codebase.”Google, flutter.dev
Why should you Learn Flutter?
1. The Ease of use
Setting up Flutter on a Mac or a Windows or a Linux machine is a simple process. Google has bundled everything, including Dart, so all components are installed at once with the Flutter Installation Package.
Flutter gives developers complete control over Cross-Platform Native app development while making the process of development easy.
“Widgets” are used in Flutter, to make the User Interface easy to use. To build an app in Flutter developer uses building blocks or widgets.
2. Dart Programming /UI Compliance — Everything is a Widget.
Dart is different from other cross-platform application development tool eliminating the bridge.
You can learn more about Dart here: Dart Language Tour.
3. Developers increase productivity
Development time is often reduced by 30–40% because the Gradle rebuild times that slow Android developers down typically take longer, with every modification applied.
In Flutter, There’s no need to run another Gradle build— you see your modifications as soon as you save. This increase in productivity comes from Flutter’s “hot reload” or “Stateful Hot Reload” and “Hot Restart.” Together, these allow developers to see changes they make to the state of an app in less than one second; and changes to the app structure in less than ten.
4. The cross-platform approach is a cakewalk with Flutter
Creating Identical Products is a tiresome process of having to make multiple versions of an identical product. In reality, the user experience lags behind that of native applications, because you often end up building the UI experience in “Just In Time” (Java Script) compiled.
With Flutter, along with the “write once” approach advantage, we can create a high performance, “native” experience.
A Flutter App is an “Ahead Of Time” compiled, machine binary executable to overcome several common challenges with cross-platform approaches.
Apart from the above, We will be able to use the same code to create apps for mobile, desktop, and the web with Ease.
5. Create Minimum Viable Products
Minimal Viable Products (MVPs) have become an important part of the app development process today’s needs. The whole idea of building an MVP is to create the basic app at speed and maximum efficiency.
Flutter has become a popular choice as it improves efficiency in the process of MVP development.
6. Single code for Frontend & Backend
Android coding uses separate files for fronted (Views), which are referenced by backend (Java), but Flutter uses a reactive framework with a single language (Dart), which does both the jobs.
7. Out of the box, powerful design experience.
Flutter has Material design specification, to create powerful UI experiences are easy and right out of the box. Like Nativ Applications, we can produce a smooth, crisp experience, because Flutter’s release build is a native application.
Flutter has widgets that implement the Human Interface Design specifications for iOS, allowing you to get that native “feel” on iPhone and iPad.
8. Open-source packages.
A very large set of open source packages available helps you create apps faster, with Ease, making a complicated task much easier, there are many packages currently available. The package library is growing by day by day.
9. Can Work on Different IDEs
Flutter’s advantage is that it has extensions for the two most popular code editors Visual Studio (VS) Code and Android Studio. Developers have the freedom to select either of them when programming with Flutter.
10. Detailed Documentation and Active support community
The beauty of opensource development is having a very Active Support Community. And on the other hand, Google is continually investing in improving Flutter and Dart. The Fuchsia programming language policy released by Google stated Dart as one of the primary languages to build apps for the OS.
Flutter is also ranked second on GitHub’s 2019 fastest-growing open-source projects by contributors list.
The increased popularity and use of Flutter have created an active and helpful support community. There are online documentation, support forums, and libraries like:
- Flutter Awesome: A website that curates Flutter libraries and tools.
- Awesome Flutter: A GitHub repository for Flutter support.
- It’s all widgets!: A repository of different apps built with Flutter.
There are constant on-going Flutter events that bring the community together, helping developers grow and solve problems. Please see the events posted on the official website: Flutter Events.